Thèses

Inventaire des thèses françaises relatives à l’Asie du Sud-Est – Juillet 2010

Inventory of french doctoral dissertations on Southeast Asia – July 2010

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Listes complètes

Les inventaires des thèses en cours ainsi que des thèses soutenues depuis 2000 ont été mis à jour en juillet 2010

Thèses en cours (sujets déposés depuis 2000) / Dissertations in progress since 2000

Thèses soutenues depuis 2000 / Dissertations defended since 2000
Thèses soutenues entre 1990 et 2000 / Dissertations defended between 1990 and 2000

 

Thèse soutenues en 2015, résumés en anglais 

Attention ! A compter de 2015 et suite aux demandes formulées lors de la dernière AG, les résumés de thèses en anglais seront diffusés sur le site web de l’AFRASE. Pensez à fournir ce résumé, ainsi que le lien vers le manuscrit de votre thèse si vous souhaitez la rendre publique (sauf avis contraire de votre établissement et du jury de soutenance).

Marion Bottero, L’ambigüité des relations amoureuses entre Occidentaux et autochtones en Asie du sud-est : approche comparative des cas malaisien et thaïlandais, Univ. Paris 10 Nanterre, thèse d’ethnologie, dir. Bernard Formoso, soutenue le 14 juin 2013 (marionbottero@gmail.com)

The ambiguity of love relationships between occidental and native people in South East Asia : comparative approach of malaysian and thai cases

With the development of globalized exchanges, sexual and/or sentimental relationships between Occident and developping countries become more and more frequent. Through the comparative study of occidental people and thai or malay people relationships we will see how, with hierarchies of gender, class and race, occidental and oriental actors try to valorise their economic, cultural, social and symbolic capital. If in Thailand lower class women can acceed to financial stability, in the neighbour country upper class women can aspire to freedom from local culture and religion. This desire of the other often hide among occidental men a reject of « occidental values », especially sexual egality, and a return to values considered more « stable », « traditional », and « hierarchized ». Thereby we will see how globalized love interactions are an instrument to valorise Bourdieu’s capital and a way to redefine social hierarchies.

Thèse en ligne : https://bdr.u-paris10.fr/theses/internet/2013PA100079.pdf

Gregory Kourilsky, La place des ascendants familiaux dans le bouddhisme des Lao, EPHE (Ve section), thèse en histoire des religions et anthropologie religieuse, dir. Olivier de Bernon, soutenue le 26 juin 2015 (gkourilsky@yahoo.fr)

The Significance of Parents and Ancestors in Lao Buddhism

The Buddhist teachings of the Theravāda, as they are recorded in the Pāli canon (Tipiṭaka), demonstrate little concern for filial piety or ancestor cults. This is hardly surprising for a religion that rests on the ethic of kamma (according to which the fate of a being remains strictly individual, resulting only from his actions in this or previous existences) and recommends, at least in its founding texts, the renunciation of filial and familial ties, often regarded as an obstacle on the path to liberation. In contrast, Lao Buddhists consider that devotion towards parents, forebears and ancestors is at the core of religious life and undoubtedly belongs within the teaching of the Buddha. Giving alms, building a monastery, casting an image of the Master or a saint, commissioning a copy of a manuscript, receiving ordination, practising meditation, participating in annual festivals—more broadly, all kinds of pious deeds—are opportunities to pay homage or provide assistance to parents and lineage spirits, with whom the fruits of these actions will be shared. The purpose of this study is to consider the place occupied by parents and ancestors in Lao Buddhism and to understand how, and to what extent, the Lao have been able to harmonise their own social and familial accounts with the doctrine of the Theravāda, on which their spirituality is understood to rest.

Nicolas Lainez, Par-delà la traite des femmes vietnamiennes en Asie du Sud-Est. Anthropologie économique des carrières intimes, EHESS, thèse d’anthropologie sociale, dir. Michel Bozon, soutenue le 30 juin 2015 (niklainez@gmail.com)

This thesis, based on fieldwork on sex trafficking conducted in Vietnam, Cambodia and Singapore, formulates an economic anthropology of intimate relations that conceptualises Vietnamese sex workers as embedded in relations with informal creditors, sex migration brokers, employers in the sex industry, their families and their clients. While the market economy embraced by Vietnam since the launch of the Đổi mới reforms in 1986 encourages women to invest, become indebted, consume and migrate, several obstacles stand in their way : exclusion from formal credit markets, high cost of regulated labor migration, familial obligations, gender inequalities and the risk of stigmatisation. To make their way in this world of opportunities and constraints, they use intimacy as a multipurpose and strategic resource to strengthen their leverage in dealing with these constraints.

The framework I propose is based on a concept, careers of intimacy, that takes into account the fluidity of their trajectories and the articulation between economy and intimacy. This perspective examines the trajectories of debt in light of the recent evolution of financial markets and transnational migration for sex work ; the trajectories of care with regard to the familialist welfare regime promoted by the state ; sexual careers through the prism of gender inequalities, and notably the sexual division of labour ; and moral careers with reference to state-initiated campaigns against « social evils ».

Based on solid ethnographic work that focused on the economic ethnography of intimacy, a longitudinal approach and my considerable experience with NGOs working on anti-trafficking in Southeast Asia, this research quickly went beyond its initial objective – human trafficking – to unveil the private lives of Vietnamese women which were inextricably tied to the market economy. Thus, the research became an investigation of the place of intimacy in the market economy. The theoretical moorings of this research are the anthropology of slavery, the « deconstructivist » approach towards trafficking discourses and practices, the economic sociology of intimacy and the sociology of careers.

Thèse en ligne : https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01183507/file/Thèse_Par-delà%20la%20traite%20des%20femmes%20vietnamiennes%20en%20Asie%20du%20Sud-Est_Lainez.pdf

Anikó Sebestény, Les offrandes domestiques à Bali (Indonésie) comme point d’ancrage de la cohérence cérémonielle balinaise, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre, dir. Michael Houseman et Gábor Vargyas, soutenue le 16 novembre 2015

Domestic offering rituals in Bali (Indonesia) as pillars of the Balinese ceremonial coherence

 

This research is centred on the description and analysis of domestic offering rituals on the island of Bali, in Indonesia. Their thorough analysis and comparison with other ritual and non-ritual levels of Balinese culture helps shed light on some basic structuring principles of Balinese ritual life, revealing very dense ritual practices in urban domestic environments where common people live who are not professionals of religion, often work in tourism, and constitute the majority of the Balinese population.

These daily domestic rituals are small ceremonies integrated into the daily lives of most Balinese families. Small colourful flower offerings are placed at different points of the domestic environment, on dedicated places like altars, but also on different kinds of usual objects, such as motorcycles. Analysis shows that the daily rituals create a specific atmosphere that presupposes the attention of invisible entities. They partake in the construction and strengthening of the relation with the ancestors. The research also reveals strong ties between the daily offerings and ceremonial dances. The establishment of this relation allows consideration of certain parts of the daily offering ritual action as miniature dance.

This thesis demonstrates that the Balinese domestic environment, with its specific structure and its daily rituals, has a key role in the transmission of an important ceremonial coherence at the scale of the whole island of Bali. Thus, it contributes considerably to the continuity of Balinese culture despite the strong presence of tourism on the island. Research shows that an essential part of what can be viewed as « Balinese culture » is anchored in the domestic environment and is daily reinforced through offering rituals.

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